||STD Symptoms & Information
Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are infectious diseases that are spread
through sexual contact.
STDs are among the most common infectious diseases in the world
There are over 20 types, affecting more than 13 million men and
women in the United States alone each year, and the incidence is on the rise.
Some of the most common STDs include chlamydial infection, genital
herpes, genital warts, gonorrhea, HIV (human immunodeficiency virus, the microorganism
that causes AIDS), and syphilis.
General Signs and Symptoms
STDs often occur without symptoms, particularly in women. However, STDs may be accompanied
by the following signs and symptoms:
- Pustules (pus-containing blisters)
- Genital lesions including ulcers, blisters, rashes, and warts; ulcers
may be painful
- Abdominal pain
- Rectal infection and inflammation of the rectum
- Muscle pain
- Painful urination
- Swollen lymph glands in the groin
What Causes It?
STDs are caused by microbial agents and spread primarily (but not exclusively)
through sexual contact. Some STDs can also be passed from a mother to her baby during
delivery and through breastfeeding while infected. Others may be passed by sharing
Some of the most common STDs and the microorganisms that cause them
are listed below.
- Chlamydial infectionChlamydia trachomatis
- Genital herpesherpes simplex virus (HSV)
- Genital wartshuman papillomavirus (HPV)
- GonorrheaNeisseria gonorrhoeae
Who's Most At Risk?
People with the following conditions or characteristics are at risk for developing STDs.
- Having a sexual partner with an STD; again, in many cases, an STD may
be present without symptoms
- Having many sexual partners, or a partner who has many sexual
- Having sex without the use of condoms or other protective devices
- Having one STD increases the likelihood of contracting another
- Adolescents are at highest risk for acquiring an STD for the first
- Living under stress from poverty, poor nutrition, or poor or absent
- Practicing anal intercourse increases risk for HIV, gonorrhea, and
- Having a weakened immune system
- Using intravenous drugs
- Using spermicidal foams and jellies does not protect against STDs and
may, in some cases, even promote contraction of certain STDs, including HIV
For Specific STD
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